What Are Dental Tumors?

Dental tumors are relatively rare growths that develop in the jawbone or the soft tissues in the mouth and face. Sometimes called odontogenic tumors, they can vary greatly in size and severity. In most cases, they are benign, but they can be aggressive and invade the surrounding bone and tissue and may displace teeth. Treatment will vary depending on the type, the stage, and the symptoms. Dental tumors are not to be confused with dental cysts. Tumors are abnormal growths or masses, while cysts are lesions filled with fluid or soft material.

Types of Dental Tumors

The four most common types of dental tumors are ameloblastoma, central giant cell granuloma, odontogenic myxoma, and odontoma.

  • Ameloblastoma. This is a slow-growing, usually benign tumor that typically develops in the jaw near the molars. Aggressive surgical treatment reduces the chance of recurrence.
  • Central giant cell granuloma. This type of non-cancerous tumor in some cases will grow rapidly, causing pain and destroying bone. They typically require surgery and have a tendency to grow back.
  • Odontogenic myxoma. These are rare, slow-growing, and benign, usually forming in the lower jaw. They can become large and invade the jaw and surrounding tissue, displacing teeth. Chances of regrowth after surgery are lower than with other types.
  • Odontoma. This is the most common type of dental tumor. It is benign and rarely has symptoms, but can interfere with the development or eruption of a tooth. They are made of dental tissue growing around a tooth in the jaw and may resemble an oddly-shaped tooth.

Elevation Endodontics Can Help

If you have any questions about dental tumors, are concerned that you may have a tumor or cyst, or have been diagnosed by a general dentist or doctor, give us a call at (719) 488-2188 or email us so that we can discuss what the next steps should be.